AskDefine | Define ichthyology

Dictionary Definition

ichthyology n : the branch of zoology that studies fishes

User Contributed Dictionary



Derived from Greek ichthyós "fish" + -logy (from logós "word")


  1. The branch of zoology devoted to the study of fish.

Related terms


Extensive Definition

Ichthyology (from Greek: ἰχθυ, ikhthu, "fish"; and λόγος, logos, "knowledge") is the branch of zoology devoted to the study of fish. This includes skeletal fish (Osteichthyes), cartilaginous fish (Chondrichthyes), and jawless fish (Agnatha). An estimated 25,000 fish species exist, comprising a majority of vertebrates. While a majority of species have probably been discovered and described, approximately 250 new species are officially described by science each year.
The practice of ichthyology is associated with marine biology and limnology.


The study of fishes dates from the Upper Paleolithic Revolution (with the advent of 'high culture'). The science of ichthyology was developed in several interconnecting epochs, each with various significant advancements.

Pre-historical Era

(38,000 BC–1500 BC) |- | Journal of Applied Ichthyology || Bi-monthly || Unknown || Blackwell Publishing |}


Notable ichthyologists


  • Carl E. Bond, Biology of Fishes (Saunders, 1996) ISBN 0-03-070342-5
  • Joseph S. Nelson, Fishes of the World (Wiley, 2006) ISBN 0-471-25031-7
  • Michael Barton, Bond's Biology of Fishes Third Edition (Julet, 2007) ISBN 0-12-079875-1
ichthyology in Catalan: Ictiologia
ichthyology in Czech: Ichtyologie
ichthyology in German: Ichthyologie
ichthyology in Estonian: Ihtüoloogia
ichthyology in Modern Greek (1453-): Ιχθυολογία
ichthyology in Spanish: Ictiología
ichthyology in Persian: آبزی‌شناسی
ichthyology in French: Ichtyologie
ichthyology in Indonesian: Iktiologi
ichthyology in Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association): Ichthyologia
ichthyology in Icelandic: Fiskifræði
ichthyology in Italian: Ittiologia
ichthyology in Hebrew: איכתיולוגיה
ichthyology in Kara-Kalpak: İxtiologiya
ichthyology in Georgian: იქთიოლოგია
ichthyology in Latin: Ichthyologia
ichthyology in Luxembourgish: Ichthyologie
ichthyology in Lithuanian: Ichtiologija
ichthyology in Hungarian: Ichthiológia
ichthyology in Dutch: Ichtyologie
ichthyology in Japanese: 魚類学
ichthyology in Norwegian: Iktyologi
ichthyology in Norwegian Nynorsk: Iktyologi
ichthyology in Occitan (post 1500): Ictiologia
ichthyology in Polish: Ichtiologia
ichthyology in Portuguese: Ictiologia
ichthyology in Romanian: Ihtiologie
ichthyology in Russian: Ихтиология
ichthyology in Simple English: Ichthyology
ichthyology in Swedish: Iktyologi
ichthyology in Tetum: Iktiolojia
ichthyology in Thai: มีนวิทยา
ichthyology in Tajik: Ихтиология
ichthyology in Turkish: İhtiyoloji
ichthyology in Ukrainian: Іхтіологія
ichthyology in Urdu: اسماکیات
ichthyology in Chinese: 鱼类学

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